Historic Spacecraft Historic Spacecraft Logo

Space Exploration Timeline

List of Historic space exploration missions. Grouped by year of launch.


2016

2016 ISS Missions

RussiaSoyuz TMA-20M18MAR2016Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
USACygnus (OA-6)22MAR2016Orbital Sciences mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaProgress MS-231MAR2016Delivered cargo to ISS.
USADragon CRS-88APR2016SpaceX mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaSoyuz MS-017JUL2016Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress MS-316JUL2016Delivered cargo to ISS.
USADragon CRS-918JUL2016SpaceX mission to resupply the ISS.

2015

2015 ISS Missions

USADragon CRS-510JAN2015SpaceX mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaProgress M-26M17FEB2015Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-16M27MAR2015Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
USADragon CRS-614APR2015SpaceX mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaProgress M-27M28APR2015Failed to reach ISS due to control system failure.
USADragon CRS-728JUN2015Failed to reach ISS due to rocket failure
RussiaProgress M-28M3JUL2015Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-17M22JUL2015Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
JapanHTV-519AUG2015Japanese HTV mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-18M2SEP2015Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-29M1OCT2015Delivered cargo to ISS.
USACygnus (OA-4)6DEC2015Orbital Sciences mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-19M15DEC2015Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress MS-121DEC2015Delivered cargo to ISS.

2014

2014 ISS Missions

USACygnus (Orb-1)9JAN2014Orbital Sciences mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaProgress M-22M5FEB2014Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-12M25MAR2014Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-23M9APR2014Delivered cargo to ISS.
USADragon CRS-318APR2014SpaceX mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-13M28MAY2014Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
USACygnus (Orb-2)13JUL2014Orbital Sciences mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaProgress M-24M23JUL2014Delivered cargo to ISS.
ESA FlagATV-529JUL2014European Automated Transfer Vehicle mission to resupply the ISS.
USADragon CRS-421SEP2014SpaceX mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-14M25SEP2014Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
USACygnus (Orb-3)28OCT2014Orbital Sciences mission to resupply the ISS. MISSION FAILED TO REACH ORBIT.
RussiaProgress M-25M29OCT2014Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-15M23NOV2014Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew

2014 Science and Interplanetary Missions

JapanHayabusa 23DEC2014Asteroid sample return mission.

2013

2013 ISS Missions

RussiaProgress M-18M11FEB2013Delivered cargo to ISS.
USADragon CRS-21MAR2013SpaceX mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-08M28MAR2013Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-19M24APR2013Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-09M28MAY2013Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
ESA FlagATV-45JUN2013European Automated Transfer Vehicle mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaProgress M-20M27JUL2013Delivered cargo to ISS.
JapanHTV-43AUG2012Japanese HTV mission to resupply the ISS.
USACygnus (Orb-D1)18SEPT2013Orbital Sciences mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-10M25SEPT2013Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaSoyuz TMA-11M7NOV2013Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-21M25NOV2013Delivered cargo to ISS.

2013 Chinese Shenzhou/Tiangong Missions

ChinaShenzhou 1011JUN2013Chinese crewed mission to Tiangong-1 space laboratory. 3 crew

2013 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USALADEE7SEP2013Launched on a Minotaur V rocket. Lunar orbiter mission. Mission to the Moon.
Indian FlagMars Orbiter Mission5NOV2013Launched on a PSLV-XL rocket. India's first Mars orbiter mission. Mission to Mars.
USAMAVEN18NOV2013Launched on a Atlas V 401 rocket. Mars orbiter mission. Mission to Mars.
ChinaChang'e 31DEC2013Chinese lunar lander and rover. Mission to the Moon.

2012

2012 ISS Missions

RussiaProgress M-14M25JAN2012Delivered cargo to ISS.
ESA FlagATV-323MAR2012European Automated Transfer Vehicle mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaProgress M-15M20APR2012Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-04M15MAY2012Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
USADragon C2+22MAY2012First berthing of SpaceX's Dragon capsule to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-05M 15JUL2012Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
JapanHTV-321JUL2012Japanese HTV mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaProgress M-16M1AUG2012Delivered cargo to ISS.
USADragon CRS-18OCT2012SpaceX mission to resupply the ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-06M23OCT2012Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-17M31OCT2012Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-07M19DEC2012Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew

2012 Chinese Shenzhou/Tiangong Missions

ChinaShenzhou 916JUN2012First Chinese crewed mission to Tiangong-1 space laboratory. 3 crew

2011

2011 ISS Missions

Japan HTV-222JAN2011Second JAXA HTV mission.
RussiaProgress M-09M28JAN2011Delivered cargo to ISS.
ESA Flag ATV-216FEB2011Second flight of the European Automated Transfer Vehicle.
USA STS-133 (Discovery)24FEB2011Delivered the PMM to ISS. 6 crew
RussiaSoyuz TMA-215APR2011Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-10M27APR2011Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-134 (Endeavour)16MAY2011Delivered the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) to ISS. 6 crew
RussiaSoyuz TMA-02M7JUN2011Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-11M21JUN2011Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-135 (Atlantis)8JUL2011Delivered supplies and equipment to ISS. Last space shuttle mission. 4 crew
RussiaProgress M-12M24AUG2011Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaProgress M-13M30OCT2011Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-2214NOV2011Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaSoyuz TMA-03M21DEC2011Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew

2011 Chinese Shenzhou/Tiangong Missions

ChinaShenzhou 831OCT2011Unmanned Chinese mission docking with Tiangong-1 space laboratory.
ChinaTiangong-129SEP2011Chinese Tiangong-1 space laboratory launches on a Long March 2F/G rocket.

2011 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USAJuno5AUG2011Launched on a Atlas V 551 launch vehicle. Mission to orbit Jupiter.
USAGrail Lunar Orbiters10SEP2011Launched on a Delta-2 rocket. Mission to study the Moon. Mission to the Moon.
RussiaFobos-Grunt9NOV2011Russian mission to explore Mars and Phobos. Mission to Mars.
USAMars Science Laboratory26NOV2011Launched on a Atlas V 541 launch vehicle. Mission to land a large rover on Mars. Mission to Mars.

2010

2010 ISS Missions

RussiaProgress M-04M3FEB2010Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-130 (Endeavour)8FEB2010Delivered Node 3 and the Cupola to ISS. 6 crew
RussiaSoyuz TMA-18 2APR2010Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
USA STS-131 (Discovery)5APR2010Delivered supplies and equipment to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaProgress M-05M28APR2010Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-132 (Atlantis)14MAY2010Delivered Mini Research Module (MRM1) to ISS. 6 crew
RussiaSoyuz TMA-19 16JUN2010Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-06M30JUN2010Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaProgress M-07M10SEP2010Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-01M 8OCT2010Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-08M27OCT2010Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-20 15DEC2010Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew

2010 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USASDO11FEB2010Solar Dynamics Observatory.
JapanAkatsuki20MAY2010Launched on a H-IIA launch vehicle. Mission to orbit Venus.
ChinaChang'e 21OCT2010Chinese lunar orbiter. Mission to the Moon.

2010 Other Launches

USAFalcon 9 4JUN2010First test flight of SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket.
USAFalcon 9 / Dragon 8DEC2010First flight of SpaceX's Dragon capsule. NASA COTS demo flight 1.

2009

2009 ISS Missions

RussiaProgress M-66 10FEB2009Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-119 (Discovery)15MAR2009Delivered a truss segment and set of solar arrays to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaSoyuz TMA-14 26MAR2009Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-02M7MAY2009Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-15 27MAY2009Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
USA STS-127 (Endeavour)15JUL2009Delivered JEM-EF and ELM-ES to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaProgress M-67 24JUL2009Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-128 (Discovery)28AUG2009Delivered supplies and equipment to ISS. 7 crew
Japan HTV-1 10SEP2009JAXA HTV demonstration flight.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-16 30SEP2009Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-03M15OCT2009Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaProgress M/MIM-210NOV2009Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-129 (Atlantis) 16NOV2009Delivered ELC-1 & 2 to ISS. 6 crew
RussiaSoyuz TMA-17 21DEC2009Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew

2009 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USAKepler6MAR2009The Kepler space telescope will search for Earth-sized planets orbiting distant stars.
USASTS-125 (Atlantis) 11MAY2009Fifth Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission. 7 crew
ESA FlagHerschel 14MAY2009Infrared space telescope. Dual launched along with Planck on an Ariane 5 rocket.
ESA FlagPlanck 14MAY2009European cosmic microwave background space observatory. Dual launched along with Herschel on an Ariane 5 rocket.
USALRO 18JUN2009Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. Launched on an Atlas 401 rocket. Mission to study the Moon. Mission to the Moon.
USALCROSS 18JUN2009Launched on an Atlas 401 rocket. Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satellite. Mission to the Moon.

2008

2008 ISS Missions

RussiaProgress M-635FEB2008Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-122 (Atlantis)7FEB2008Delivered ESA's Columbus laboratory module to ISS. 7 crew
ESA Flag ATV-1 (Jules Verne)8MAR2008First flight of the European Automated Transfer Vehicle.
USA STS-123 (Endeavour)11MAR2008Delivered Japan's Experiment Logistics Module to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaSoyuz TMA-128APR2008Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-6414MAY2008Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-124 (Discovery)31MAY2008Delivered Japan's Kibo laboratory and the Japanese Remote Manipulator System. 7 crew
RussiaProgress M-6510SEPT2008Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-1312OCT2008Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
USA STS-126 (Endeavour)14NOV2008Delivered supplies and equipment to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaProgress M-01M26NOV2008Delivered cargo to ISS.

2008 Chinese Shenzhou/Tiangong Missions

ChinaShenzhou 725SEPT2008Mission included the first Chinese space walk. 3 crew

2008 Science and Interplanetary Missions

Indian FlagChandrayaan-122OCT2008First Indian Lunar probe. Mission to the Moon.
USAFermi(GLAST)11JUN2008Gamma-ray observatory launched on a Delta II 7920H-10 rocket. USA

2007

2007 ISS Missions

RussiaProgress M-59 18JAN2007 Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-10 7APR2007 Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-60 12MAY2007 Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-117 (Atlantis) 8JUN2007 Delivered a truss segment and set of solar arrays to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaProgress M-61 2AUG2007 Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-118 (Endeavour) 8AUG2007 Delivered a truss segment and cargo to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaSoyuz TMA-11 10OCT2007 Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
USA STS-120 (Discovery) 23OCT2007 Delivered Node 2 (Harmony) module to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaProgress M-62 23DEC2007 Delivered cargo to ISS.

2007 Science and Interplanetary Missions

JapanKAGUYA(SELENE)14SEP2007Lunar Probe. Mission to the Moon.
USADawn27SEP2007Probe to orbit Ceres and Vesta.
USAPhoenix Mars Lander4AUG2007Successful Mars lander. Mission to Mars.
ChinaChang'e 124OCT2007Chinese lunar probe. Deliberately crashed into Lunar surface on 1MAR2009. Mission to the Moon.

2006

2006 ISS Missions

RussiaSoyuz TMA-830MAR2006Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-5624APR2006Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaProgress M-5724JUN2006Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-121 (Discovery)4JUL2006Delivered cargo to ISS.7 crew
USA STS-115 (Atlantis)9SEP2006Delivered P3/P4 truss segment to ISS.6 crew
RussiaSoyuz TMA-918SEP2006Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-5823OCT2006Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-116 (Discovery)9DEC2006Delivered P5 truss segment to ISS.7 crew

2006 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USANew Horizons19JAN2006Mission to Pluto/Charon and Kuiper belt. Launched on an Atlas 551 rocket.
JapanAkari (ASTRO-F)22FEB2006Infrared observatory launched on an M-V rocket.
JapanHinode (SOLAR-B)23SEP2006Solar observatory launched on a Japanese M-V rocket.
ESA FlagCOROT27DEC2006French exoplanet mission launched on a Soyuz-Fregat rocket.

2005

2005 ISS Missions

RussiaProgress M-5228FEB2005Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-615APR2005Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-5316JUN2005Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-11426JUL2005Delivered cargo to ISS.7 crew
RussiaProgress M-548SEPT2005Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-71OCT2005Crew transport to ISS. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M-5521DEC2005Delivered cargo to ISS.

2005 Chinese Shenzhou/Tiangong Missions

ChinaShenzhou 612OCT2005Two crewmembers.

2005 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USADeep Impact12JAN2005First comet impact.
USAMRO12AUG2005Successful Mars orbiter.Mission to Mars.
ESA FlagVenus Express9NOV2005Successful Venus polar orbiter.
JapanSuzaku (Astro-E2)10JUL2005Japanese x-ray astronomy satellite launched on an M-V rocket on 10JUL2005.

2004

2004 ISS Missions

RussiaProgress M1-1129JAN2004Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-419APR2004Crew transport to ISS.3 crew
RussiaProgress M-4925MAY2004Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaProgress M-5011AUG2004Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-514OCT2004Crew transport to ISS.3 crew
RussiaProgress M-5123DEC2004Delivered cargo to ISS.

2004 Science and Interplanetary Missions

ESA FlagRosetta3FEB2004Comet Orbiter and Lander.
USAMESSENGER3AUG2004Mercury Orbiter.

2004 SpaceShipOne

USASpaceShipOne flight 15POne crewmember.
USASpaceShipOne flight 16POne crewmember.
USASpaceShipOne flight 17POne crewmember.

2003

USASTS-107 Columbia16JAN2003Columbia was destroyed during re-entry. 7 crew

2003 ISS Missions

RussiaProgress M-472FEB2003Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-226APR2003Crew transport to ISS.3 crew
RussiaProgress M1-108JUN2003Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaProgress M-4829AUG2003Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TMA-318OCT2003Crew transport to ISS.3 crew

2003 Chinese Shenzhou/Tiangong Missions

ChinaShenzhou 515OCT2003First Chinese crewed spaceflight.One crewmember.

2003 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USAMER - Spirit10JUN2003Successful Mars rover. Mission to Mars.
USAMER - Opportunity7JUL2003Successful Mars rover. Mission to Mars.
ESA FlagMars Express2JUN2003Successful Mars orbiter. Mission to Mars.
ESA FlagBeagle 22JUN2003Failed Mars lander. Mission to Mars.
ESA FlagSMART 127SEP2003European lunar orbiter. Deliberately crashed into Lunar surface on 3SEP2006.Mission to the Moon.
JapanHayabusa (Muses-C)9MAY2003Asteroid sample return mission.
USASpitzer Telescope (SIRTF)25AUG2003Infrared observatory launched on a Delta-7920H rocket on 25 August 2003.

2002

2002 ISS Missions

RussiaProgress M1-821MAR2002Delivered cargo to ISS. Russia
USA STS-110 (Atlantis)8APR2002Delivered S0 truss segment to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaSoyuz TM-3425APR2002Crew transport to ISS. Russia3 crew
USA STS-111 (Endeavour)5JUN2002Delivered cargo to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaProgress M-4626JUN2002Delivered cargo to ISS. Russia
RussiaProgress M1-925SEPT2002Delivered cargo to ISS. Russia
RussiaSoyuz TMA-130OCT2002Crew transport to ISS. Russia3 crew
USA STS-112 (Atlantis)7OCT2002Delivered S1 truss segment to ISS. 6 crew
USA STS-113 (Endeavour)23NOV2002Delivered P1 truss segment to ISS. 7 crew

2002 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USASTS-109 (Columbia)1MAR2002Fourth servicing mission (SM3B) for the Hubble Space Telescope. USA 7 crew
ESA Flag
Russia
USA
INTEGRAL17OCT2002Gamma-Ray observatory launched on a Russian Proton-K Blok-DM rocket on 17OCT2002.

2001

2001 ISS Missions

USA STS-98 (Atlantis)7FEB2001Delivered the Destiny laboratory module to ISS. Five crewmembers.
RussiaProgress M1-4426FEB2001Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-102 (Discovery)8MAR2001Delivered cargo to ISS. 7 crew
USA STS-100 (Endeavour)19APR2001Delivered cargo to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaSoyuz TM-3228APR2001Crew transport to ISS.3 crew
RussiaProgress M1-620MAY2001Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-104 (Atlantis)12JUL2001Delivered US airlock module to ISS.Five crewmembers.
USA STS-105 (Discovery)10AUG2001Delivered cargo to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaProgress M-4521AUG2001Delivered cargo to ISS.
RussiaPirs Module14SEPT2001Russian airlock, Pirs, launched to ISS.
RussiaSoyuz TM-3321OCT2001Crew transport to ISS.3 crew
RussiaProgress M1-726NOV2001Delivered cargo to ISS.
USA STS-108 (Endeavour)5DEC2001Delivered cargo to ISS. 7 crew

2001 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USAMars Odyssey7APR2001Successful Mars orbiter.Mission to Mars.
USAGenesis8AUG2001Solar wind sample return mission.

2000

2000 ISS Missions

RussiaSoyuz TM-304APR2000Docked with Mir space station. 3 crew
USASTS-101 (Atlantis)19MAY2000Delivered cargo to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaZvezda Module12JUL2000Russian Service Module launched to ISS.
RussiaProgress M1-36AUG2000Delivered cargo to ISS.
USASTS-106 (Atlantis)8SEP2000Delivered cargo to ISS. 7 crew
USASTS-92 (Discovery)11OCT2000Delivered Z1 truss segment to ISS. 7 crew
RussiaSoyuz TM-3131OCT2000Docked with International Space Station. 3 crew
RussiaProgress M1-416NOV2000Delivered cargo to ISS.
USASTS-97 (Endeavour)30NOV2000Delivered P6 truss segment to ISS. Five crewmembers.

2000 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USASTS-99 (Endeavour)11FEB2000 Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. 6 crew

1999

USASTS-93 (Columbia)23JUL1999Deployed Chandra x-ray Telescope.Five crewmembers.
USASTS-96 (Discovery)27MAY1999Delivered cargo to ISS. 7 crew
USASTS-103 (Discovery)19DEC1999Third servicing mission (SM3A) for the Hubble Space Telescope.7 crew
RussiaSoyuz TM-2920FEB1999Docked with Mir space station. 3 crew

1999 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USAMars Polar Lander3JAN1999Failed Mars lander.Mission to Mars.
USADeep Space 23JAN1999Failed Mars penetrator probes.Mission to Mars.
USAStardust7FEB19991st Comet Coma Sample Return.
ESA FlagXMM-Newton10DEC1999European x-ray observatory launched on an Ariane 5.
USAChandra x-ray Telescope23JUL1999 American x-ray observatory launched on STS-93.

1998

USASTS-88 (Endeavour)4DEC19986 crew
USASTS-89 (Endeavour)22JAN19987 crew
USASTS-90 (Columbia)17APR19987 crew
USASTS-91 (Discovery)2JUN19986 crew
USASTS-95 (Discovery)29OCT19987 crew
RussiaSoyuz TM-2729JAN1998Docked with Mir space station. 3 crew
RussiaSoyuz TM-2813AUG1998Docked with Mir space station. 3 crew
Russia
USA
Zarya Module20NOV1998ISS module - Functional Cargo Block.

1998 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USALunar Prospector6JAN1998(Lunar Orbiter)Mission to the Moon.
USADeep Space 124OCT1998(Asteroid and Comet Flyby)
USAMars Climate Orbiter11DEC1998Attempted Mars orbiter. Crashed into Martian atmosphere.Mission to Mars.
JapanNozomi3JUL1998Failed Mars orbiter. Mission to Mars.

1997

USASTS-81 (Atlantis)12JAN19976 crew
USASTS-82 (Discovery)11FEB1997Second servicing mission for the Hubble Space Telescope.7 crew
USASTS-83 (Columbia)4APR19977 crew
USASTS-84 (Atlantis)15MAY19977 crew
USASTS-85 (Discovery)7AUG19976 crew
USASTS-86 (Atlantis)25SEP19977 crew
USASTS-87 (Columbia)19NOV19976 crew
USASTS-94 (Columbia)1JUL19977 crew
RussiaSoyuz TM-2510FEB1997Docked with Mir space station. 3 crew
RussiaSoyuz TM-265AUG1997Docked with Mir space station. 3 crew

1997 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USA
ESA Flag
Cassini-Huygens15OCT1997First Saturn Orbiter. First Titan Lander.

1996

USASTS-72 (Endeavour)11JAN19966 crew
USASTS-75 (Columbia)22FEB1996.7 crew
USASTS-76 (Atlantis)22MAR1996.6 crew
USASTS-77 (Endeavour)19MAY1996.6 crew
USASTS-78 (Columbia)20JUN1996.7 crew
USASTS-79 (Atlantis)16SEP1996.6 crew
USASTS-80 (Columbia)19NOV1996.Five crewmembers.
RussiaSoyuz TM-2321FEB1996Docked with Mir space station. 3 crew
RussiaSoyuz TM-2417AUG1996Docked with Mir space station. 3 crew
RussiaPriroda23APR1996Fifth expansion module for the Mir space station.

1996 Science and Interplanetary Missions

USANEAR17FEB1996(First Asteroid Orbiter) USA
USAMars Global Surveyor7NOV1996Successful Mars orbiter.Mission to Mars.
USAMars Pathfinder4DEC1996Successful Mars lander.Mission to Mars.
RussiaMars 9616NOV1996Failed Mars orbiter and landers. Mission to Mars.

1995

USASTS-63 (Discovery)3FEB19956 crew
USASTS-67 (Endeavour)2MAR19957 crew
USASTS-69 (Endeavour)7SEP1995Five crewmembers.
USASTS-70 (Discovery)13JUL1995Five crewmembers.
USASTS-71 (Atlantis)27JUN19957 crew
USASTS-73 (Columbia)20OCT19957 crew
USASTS-74 (Atlantis)12NOV1995Delivered the US Docking Compartment to the Mir space station. Five crewmembers.
RussiaSoyuz TM-2114MAR1995Docked with Mir space station. Russia3 crew
RussiaSoyuz TM-223SEP1995Docked with Mir space station. Russia3 crew
RussiaSpektr20MAY1995Fourth expansion module for the Mir space station. Russia

1995 Science and Interplanetary Missions

ESA FlagISO17NOV1995Infrared observatory launched on an Ariane 44P rocket.
USA
ESA Flag
SOHO2DEC1995Solar observatory launched on an Atlas II-AS rocket

1994

STS-59 (Endeavour) Launched 9APR1994. USA6 crew
STS-60 (Discovery) Launched 3FEB1994. USA6 crew
STS-62 (Columbia) Launched 4MAR1994. USAFive crewmembers.
STS-64 (Discovery) Launched 9SEP1994. USA6 crew
STS-65 (Columbia) Launched 8JUL1994. USA7 crew
STS-66 (Atlantis) Launched 3NOV1994. USA6 crew
STS-68 (Endeavour) Launched 30SEP1994. USA6 crew

Soyuz TM-18 Launched 8JAN1994. Docked with Mir space station. Russia3 crew
Soyuz TM-19 Launched 1JUL1994. Docked with Mir space station. Russia3 crew
Soyuz TM-20 Launched 3OCT1994. Docked with Mir space station. Russia3 crew

Clementine (Lunar Orbiter) Launched 25JAN1994. USAMission to the Moon.


1993

STS-51 (Discovery) Launched 12SEP1993. USAFive crewmembers.
STS-54 (Endeavour) Launched 13JAN1993. USAFive crewmembers.
STS-55 (Columbia) Launched 26JAN1993. USA 7 crew
STS-56 (Discovery) Launched 8APR1993. USAFive crewmembers.
STS-57 (Endeavour) Launched 21JUN1993. USA6 crew
STS-58 (Columbia) Launched 18OCT1993. USA 7 crew
STS-61 (Endeavour) Launched 2DEC1993. First servicing mission for the Hubble Space Telescope.USA7 crew

Soyuz TM-16 Launched 24JAN1993. Docked with Mir space station. Russia3 crew
Soyuz TM-17 Launched 1JUL1993. Docked with Mir space station. Russia3 crew

Asca (Astro-D) Japanese x-ray astronomy satellite launched on an M-3S11 rocket on 20FEB1993.Japan


1992

STS-42 (Discovery) Launched 22JAN1992. USA7 crew
STS-45 (Atlantis) Launched 24MAR1992. USA7 crew
STS-46 (Atlantis) Launched 31JUL1992. USA7 crew
STS-47 (Endeavour) Launched 12SEP1992. USA7 crew
STS-49 (Endeavour) Launched 7MAY1992. USA7 crew
STS-50 (Columbia) Launched 25JUN1992. USA7 crew
STS-52 (Columbia) Launched 22OCT1992. USA6 crew
STS-53 (Discovery) Launched 2DEC1992. USAFive crewmembers.

Soyuz TM-14 Launched 17MAR1992. Docked with Mir space station. Russia3 crew
Soyuz TM-15 Launched 27JUL1992. Docked with Mir space station. Russia3 crew

Mars Observer Launched 25SEP1992. Attempted Mars orbiter. Failed before reaching Mars orbit.USAMission to Mars.


1991

STS-37 (Atlantis) Launched 5APR1991. Deployed Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO). USA Five crewmembers.
STS-39 (Discovery) Launched 28APR1991. USA7 crew
STS-40 (Columbia) Launched 5JUN1991. USA 7 crew
STS-43 (Atlantis) Launched 2AUG1991. USA Five crewmembers.
STS-44 (Atlantis) Launched 24NOV1991. USA 6 crew
STS-48 (Discovery) Launched 12SEP1991. USAFive crewmembers.

Soyuz TM-12 Launched 18MAY1991. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz TM-13 Launched 2OCT1991. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet Flag3 crew

Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) Deployed from STS-37. USA
Yohkoh (SOLAR-A) Solar observatory launched on a Japanese M-3-SII rocket on 30AUG1991. Japan


1990

STS-31 (Discovery) Launched 24APR1990. Launch and Deployment of Hubble Space Telescope.USAFive crewmembers.
STS-32 (Columbia) Launched 9JAN1990. USA Five crewmembers.
STS-35 (Columbia) Launched 2DEC1990. USA 7 crew
STS-36 (Atlantis) Launched 28FEB1990. USA Five crewmembers.
STS-38 (Atlantis) Launched 15NOV1990. USA Five crewmembers.
STS-41 (Discovery) Launched 6OCT1990. USAFive crewmembers.

Soyuz TM-9 Launched 11FEB1990. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz TM-10 Launched 1AUG1990. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz TM-11 Launched 2DEC1990. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet Flag3 crew

Kristall Launched 31MAY1990. Third expansion module for the Mir space station. Soviet Flag

Hubble Space Telescope (Earth Orbiting Telescope) USA
Ulysses (Jupiter Flyby & Solar Polar Orbiter) ESA Flag USA


1989

STS-28 (Columbia) Launched 8AUG1989. USA Five crewmembers.
STS-29 (Discovery) Launched 13MAR1989. USAFive crewmembers.
STS-30 (Atlantis) Launched 4MAY1989. USA Five crewmembers.
STS-33 (Discovery) Launched 22NOV1989. USAFive crewmembers.
STS-34 (Atlantis) Launched 18OCT1989. USA Five crewmembers.

Soyuz TM-8 Launched 5SEP1989. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Kvant 2 Launched 26NOV1989. Second expansion module for the Mir space station. Soviet Flag

Magellan (Venus Orbiter) USA
Galileo (Asteroid Flyby, First Jupiter Orbiter & First Jupiter Atmospheric Probe)

Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) Infrared observatory launched on a Delta-5920 rocket, on 18NOV1989.USA
Granat Gamma-ray and X-ray orbital astronomical observatory launched on a Russian Proton-K Blok-D rocket on 12JAN1989. RussiaESA Flag


1988

STS-26 (Discovery) Launched 29SEP1988. USAFive crewmembers.
STS-27 (Atlantis) Launched 2DEC1988. USA Five crewmembers.

Soyuz TM-5 Launched 7JUN1988. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz TM-6 Launched 29AUG1988. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz TM-7 Launched 26NOV1988. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet Flag3 crew

Phobos 1 Launched 7JUL1988. Mars orbiter & Phobos lander. Failed before reaching Mars. Soviet FlagMission to Mars.
Phobos 2 Launched 12JUL1988. Mars orbiter & Phobos lander. Reached Mars orbit, but failed before lander was deployed.Soviet FlagMission to Mars.


1987

Soyuz TM-2 Launched 5FEB1987. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz TM-3 Launched 22JUL1987. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz TM-4 Launched 21DEC1987. Docked with Mir space station. Soviet Flag3 crew

Kvant 1 Launched 31MAR1987. First expansion module for the Mir space station. Soviet Flag

Ginga (Astro-C) Japanese x-ray astronomy satellite launched on an M-3S11 rocket on 5FEB1987.Japan


1986

STS-61-C (Columbia) Launched 12JAN1986 USA7 crew
STS-51-L (Challenger) Loss of vehicle and crew. Launched 28JAN1986 USA7 crew

Soyuz T-15 Launched 13MAR1986. Docked with Salyut 7 and Mir. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Mir Core Module Launched 20FEB1986. First module of Mir space station. Soviet Flag


1985

STS-51-C (Discovery) Launched 24JAN1985 USAFive crewmembers.
STS-51-D (Discovery) Launched 12APR1985 USA7 crew
STS-51-B (Challenger) Launched 29APR1985 USA7 crew
STS-51-G (Discovery) Launched 17JUN1985 USA7 crew
STS-51-F (Challenger) Launched 29JUL1985 USA7 crew
STS-51-I (Discovery) Launched 27AUG1985 USAFive crewmembers.
STS-51-J (Atlantis) Launched 3OCT1985 USAFive crewmembers.
STS-61-A (Columbia) Launched 30OCT1985 USAEight crewmembers.
STS-61-B (Atlantis) Launched 26NOV1985 USA7 crew

Soyuz T-13 Launched 6JUN1985. Docked with Salyut 7 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz T-14 Launched 17SEP1985. Docked with Salyut 7 space station. Soviet Flag3 crew

Sakigake (Comet Halley Flyby) Japan Flag
Suisei (Planet-A) (Comet Halley Flyby) Japan Flag
Giotto (Comet Halley Flyby) ESA Flag


1984

Soyuz T-10 Launched 8FEB1984. Docked with Salyut 7 space station. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz T-11 Launched 3APR1984. Docked with Salyut 7 space station. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz T-12 Launched 17JUL1984. Docked with Salyut 7 space station. Soviet Flag3 crew

STS-41-B (Challenger) Launched 3FEB1984. USAFive crewmembers.
STS-41-C (Challenger) Launched 6APR1984. USAFive crewmembers.
STS-41-D (Discovery) Launched 30AUG1984. USA6 crew
STS-41-G (Challenger) Launched 5OCT1984. USA7 crew
STS-51-A (Discovery) Launched 8NOV1984. USAFive crewmembers.

Vega 1 (Comet Halley Flyby & Venus Lander) Soviet Flag
Vega 2 (Comet Halley Flyby & Venus Lander) Soviet Flag


1983

STS-6 (Challenger) Launched 4APR1983 USA4 crew
STS-7 (Challenger) Launched 18JUN1983 USAFive crewmembers.
STS-8 (Challenger) Launched 30AUG1983 USAFive crewmembers.
STS-9 (Columbia) Launched 28NOV1983 USA6 crew

Soyuz T-8 Launched 20APR1983. Failed to dock with Salyut 7.Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz T-9 Launched 27JUN1983. Docked with Salyut 7 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz T-10-1 Launched 26SEP1983. Launch abort. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Venera 15 (Venus Orbiter) Soviet Flag
Venera 16 (Venus Orbiter) Soviet Flag

Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) Infrared observatory launched on a Delta-3910 rocket on 25JAN1983.USA ESA Flag


1982

STS 3 (Columbia) Launched 22MAR1982 USATwo crewmembers.
STS 4 (Columbia) Launched 27JUN1982 USATwo crewmembers.
STS 5 (Columbia) Launched 11NOV1982 USA4 crew

Soyuz T-5 Launched 13MAY1982. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz T-6 Launched 24JUN1982. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz T-7 Launched 19AUG1982. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet Flag3 crew


1981

STS 1 (Columbia) First Shuttle Flight. Launched 12APR1981 USATwo crewmembers.
STS 2 (Columbia) Launched 12NOV1981 USATwo crewmembers.

Soyuz T-4 Launched 12MAR1981. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 39 Launched 22MAR1981. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 40 Launched 14MAY1981. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.


1980

Soyuz 35 Launched 9APR1980. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 36 Launched 26MAY1980. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz T-2 Launched 5JUN1980. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 37 Launched 23JUL1980. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 38 Launched 18SEPT1980. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz T-3 Launched 27NOV1980. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet Flag3 crew

Venera 13 (Venus Orbiter and Lander) Soviet Flag
Venera 14 (Venus Orbiter and Lander) Soviet Flag


1979

Soyuz 32 Launched 5FEB1979. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 33 Launched 10APR1979. Failed to dock with Salyut 6.Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 34 Launched 6JUN1979. Launched unmanned. Docked with Salyut 6. Returned with Soyuz 32 crew. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.


1978

Soyuz 27 Launched 10JAN1978. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 28 Launched 2MAR1978. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 29 Launched 15JUN1978. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 30 Launched 27JUN1978. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 31 Launched 26AUG1978. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Pioneer Venus Orbiter Orbiter mission to Venus. Launched 20MAY1978.USA
Pioneer Venus Multi-Probe Atmospheric probe mission to Venus. Launched 8AUG1978.USA


1977

Soyuz 24 Launched 7FEB1977. Docked with Salyut 5 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 25 Launched 9OCT1977. Failed to dock with Salyut 6. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 26 Launched 10DEC1977. Docked with Salyut 6 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Voyager 1 Jupiter & Saturn flyby mission. Launched 5SEP1977.USA
Voyager 2 Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus & Neptune flyby mission. Launched 20AUG1977.USA


1976

Soyuz 21 Launched 6JUL1976. Docked with Salyut 5 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 22 Launched 15SEP1976. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 23 Launched 14OCT1976. Failed to dock with Salyut 5. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Luna 24 Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.


1975

Apollo-Soyuz Launched 15JUL1975. Docked with Soyuz 19 Spacecraft.USA3 crew

Soyuz 17 Launched 11JAN1975. Docked with Salyut 4 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 18a Launched 5APR1975. Launch abort.Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 18 Launched 24May1975. Docked with Salyut 4 space station. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 19 Launched 15JUL1975. Docked with Apollo Spacecraft.Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Viking 1 Launched 20AUG1975. Mars Orbiter and Lander. Landed on Mars - 20JUL1976.USAMission to Mars.
Viking 2 Launched 9SEP1975. Mars Orbiter and Lander. Landed on Mars - 3SEP1976. USAMission to Mars.

Venera 9 (First Venus Orbiter) Soviet Flag
Venera 10 Soviet Flag


1974

Soyuz 14 Launched 3JUL1974. Docked with Salyut 3 space station.Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 15 Launched 26AUG1974. Failed to dock with Salyut 3.Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 16 Launched 2DEC1974. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Luna 22 (Lunar Orbiter) Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.
Luna 23 Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.


1973

Skylab 1 Unmanned launch of Skylab Orbital Workshop. Launched 14MAY1973.USA
Skylab 2 Mission to Skylab space station. Launched 25MAY1973. 28 days duration.USA3 crew
Skylab 3 Mission to Skylab space station. Launched 27JUL1973. 59 days duration.USA3 crew
Skylab 4 Mission to Skylab space station. Launched 16NOV1973. 84 days duration.USA3 crew

Soyuz 12 Launched 27SEP1973. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 13 Launched 18SEP1973. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Mariner 10 (First Mercury Flyby) USA

Mars 4 Launched 21JUL1973. Attempted Mars orbiter. Failed to enter Mars orbit. Soviet FlagMission to Mars.
Mars 5 Launched 25JUL1973. Entered Mars orbit, but failed after a few days. Soviet FlagMission to Mars.
Mars 6 Launched 5AUG1973. Attempted Mars lander. Did not survive landing. Soviet FlagMission to Mars.
Mars 7 Launched 9AUG1973. Attempted Mars lander. Missed the planet. Soviet FlagMission to Mars.

Pioneer 11 (First Saturn Flyby) USA


1972

Apollo 16 Launched 6APR1972. USA3 crewMission to the Moon.
Apollo 17 Launched 7DEC1972. USA3 crewMission to the Moon.

Luna 20 Lunar sample return mission launched on 14FEB1972. Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.

Copernicus (OAO-3) Orbiting astronomical observatory launched on an Atlas-Centaur on 21 August 1972.USA

Pioneer 10 (First Jupiter Flyby) USA


1971

Apollo 14 Launched 31JAN1971. USA3 crewMission to the Moon.
Apollo 15 Launched 26JUL1971. USA3 crewMission to the Moon.

Soyuz 10 Launched 23APR1971. Failed attempt to dock with Salyut 1 space station.Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz 11 Launched 6JUN1971. First mission to dock with Salyut 1 space station. Crew died during re-entry.Soviet Flag3 crew

Luna 18 Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.
Luna 19 Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.

Mars 2 Launched 19MAY1971. Orbiter and Lander. Lander crashed. Soviet FlagMission to Mars.
Mars 3 Launched 28MAY1971. Orbiter and Lander. Lander failed shortly after landing.Soviet FlagMission to Mars.
Mariner 8 (Mariner H) Launched 9MAY1971. Attempted Mars orbiter. Launch failure.USAMission to Mars.
Mariner 9 (Mariner I) Launched 30MAY1971. Successful Mars orbiter. USAMission to Mars.


1970

Apollo 13 Launched 11APR1970. (Landing Aborted) USA3 crewMission to the Moon.

Soyuz 9 Launched 1JUN1970. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Luna 16 (First Unmanned Lunar Sample Return) Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.
Luna 17 Lunokhod 1 (First Lunar Rover) Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.

Venera 7 (First Venus Lander) Soviet Flag


1969

Apollo 9 Launched 3MAR1969. USA3 crew
Apollo 10 Launched 18MAY1969. USA3 crewMission to the Moon.
Apollo 11 Launched 16JUL1969. (First manned lunar landing) USA3 crewMission to the Moon.
Apollo 12 Launched 14NOV1969. USA3 crewMission to the Moon.

Soyuz 4 Launched 14JAN1969. Docked with Soyuz 5. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz 5 Launched 15JAN1969. Docked with Soyuz 4. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz 6 Launched 11OCT1969. Joint mission with Soyuz 7 and 8. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.
Soyuz 7 Launched 12OCT1969. Joint mission with Soyuz 6 and 8. Soviet Flag3 crew
Soyuz 8 Launched 13OCT1969. Joint mission with Soyuz 6 and 7. Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Zond 7 Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.

Luna 15 Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.

Mariner 6 (Mariner F) Launched 24FEB1969. Successful Mars flyby.USAMission to Mars.
Mariner 7 (Mariner G) Launched 27MAR1969. Successful Mars flyby. USAMission to Mars.

Venera 5 Venus atmosphere probe. Launched on 5JAN1969 Soviet Flag

Venera 6 Venus atmosphere probe. Launched on 10JAN1969 Soviet Flag


1968

Apollo 7 Launched 11OCT1968. USA3 crew
Apollo 8 Launched 21DEC1968. (1st Manned Lunar Orbiter) USA3 crewMission to the Moon.

Soyuz 3 Launched 26OCT1968. Soviet FlagOne crewmember.

Luna 14 Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.

Zond 6 Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.
Zond 5 (First Lunar Flyby and Return to Earth) Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.

Surveyor 7 Lunar lander. Launched 7JAN1968. USAMission to the Moon.

Pioneer 9 Interplanetary Weather Satellite. Launched 8NOV1968. USA


1967

Soyuz 1 Launched 23APR1967 (Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov was killed during crash landing)Soviet FlagOne crewmember.

Mariner 5 USA

Venera 4 (First Venus Atmospheric Probe)

Lunar Orbiter 3 Lunar Orbiter. Launched 5FEB1967. USAMission to the Moon.
Lunar Orbiter 4 Lunar Orbiter. Launched 4MAY1967. USAMission to the Moon.
Lunar Orbiter 5 Lunar Orbiter. Launched 1AUG1967. USAMission to the Moon.

Surveyor 3 Lunar lander. Launched 17APR1967. USAMission to the Moon.
Surveyor 4 Lunar lander (Failed). Launched 14JUL1967. USAMission to the Moon.
Surveyor 5 Lunar lander. Launched 8SEP1967. USAMission to the Moon.
Surveyor 6 Lunar lander. Launched 7NOV1967. USAMission to the Moon.

Pioneer 8 Interplanetary Weather Satellite. Launched 13DEC1967. USA


1966

Gemini 8 Launched 16MAR1966. USATwo crewmembers.
Gemini 9 Launched 3JUN1966. USATwo crewmembers.
Gemini 10 Launched 18JUL1966. USATwo crewmembers.
Gemini 11 Launched 12SEP1966. USATwo crewmembers.
Gemini 12 Launched 11NOV1966. USATwo crewmembers.

Luna 9 (First Lunar Lander) Soviet Flag
Luna 10 (First Lunar Orbiter) Soviet Flag

Lunar Orbiter 1 Lunar Orbiter. Launched 10AUG1966. USAMission to the Moon.
Lunar Orbiter 2 Lunar Orbiter. Launched 6NOV1966. USAMission to the Moon.

Surveyor 1 Lunar lander. Launched 30MAY1966. USAMission to the Moon.
Surveyor 2 Lunar lander (Failed). Launched 20SEP1966. USAMission to the Moon.

Pioneer 7 Interplanetary Weather Satellite. Launched 17AUG1966. USA


1965

Gemini 3 Launched 23MAR1965. USATwo crewmembers.
Gemini 4 Launched 3JUN1965. USATwo crewmembers.
Gemini 5 Launched 21AUG1965. USATwo crewmembers.
Gemini 6 Launched 15DEC1965. USATwo crewmembers.
Gemini 7 Launched 4DEC1965. USATwo crewmembers.

Voskhod 2 Launched 18MAR1965 (First Space Walk)Soviet FlagTwo crewmembers.

Ranger 8 Lunar Impactor Probe. Launched 17FEB1965. USAMission to the Moon.
Ranger 9 Lunar Impactor Probe. Launched 21MAR1965. USAMission to the Moon.

Luna 5 Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.
Luna 6 Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.
Luna 8 Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.

Pioneer 6 Interplanetary Weather Satellite. Launched 16DEC1965. USA


1964

Voskhod 1 Launched 12OCT1964 (First 3 person crew)Soviet Flag3 crew

Mariner 3 Launched 5NOV1964. Attempted Mars flyby. Failed to reach Mars.USAMission to Mars.

Mariner 4 Launched 28NOV1964. First Mars Flyby. USAMission to Mars.

Ranger 6 Lunar Impactor Probe (Failed). Launched 30JAN1964. USAMission to the Moon.
Ranger 7 Lunar Impactor Probe. Launched 28JUL1964. USAMission to the Moon.


1963

Mercury-Atlas 9 Launched 15MAY1963. USAOne crewmember.

Vostok 5 Launched 14JUN1963. Joint flight with Vostok 6. Soviet FlagOne crewmember.
Vostok 6 Launched 16JUN1963. Joint flight with Vostok 5. Soviet FlagOne crewmember.


1962

Mercury-Atlas 6. Launched 20FEB1962. USAOne crewmember.
Mercury-Atlas 7. Launched 24MAY1962. USAOne crewmember.
Mercury-Atlas 8. Launched 3OCT1962. USAOne crewmember.

Vostok 3 Launched 11AUG1962. Joint flight with Vostok 4. Soviet FlagOne crewmember.
Vostok 4 Launched 12AUG1962. Joint flight with Vostok 3. Soviet FlagOne crewmember.

Mariner 2 (First Venus Flyby) Launched on 27AUG62 USA

Mars 1 Launched 1NOV1962. Attempted Mars flyby. Communications lost before arrival. Soviet FlagMission to Mars.

Ranger 3 Lunar Impactor Probe (Failed). Launched 26JAN1962. USAMission to the Moon.
Ranger 4 Lunar Impactor Probe (Failed). Launched 23APR1962. USAMission to the Moon.
Ranger 5 Lunar Impactor Probe (Failed). Launched 18OCT1962. USAMission to the Moon.


1961

Mercury-Redstone 3 Launched 5MAY1961. Alan Shepard became the first American in space.USAOne crewmember.
Mercury-Redstone 4 Launched 21JUL1961. USAOne crewmember.

Vostok 1 Launched 12APR1961. Yuri Gagarin became the first person in space. Soviet FlagOne crewmember.
Vostok 2 Launched 6AUG1961. Soviet FlagOne crewmember.

Ranger 1 Lunar Probe (Failed). Launched 23AUG1961. USAMission to the Moon.
Ranger 2 Lunar Probe (Failed). Launched 18NOV1961. USAMission to the Moon.


1960

Pioneer 5 First deep space probe. Launched on 11MAR60 USA


1959

Luna 1 (First Lunar Flyby) Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.
Luna 2 (First Lunar Impact) Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.
Luna 3 (Lunar Flyby) Soviet FlagMission to the Moon.

Pioneer 4 (Lunar Flyby) USAMission to the Moon.


1958

Vanguard 1 USA
Explorer 1 USA


1957

Sputnik 1 (First Earth Orbit) Soviet Flag
Sputnik 2 Soviet Flag




Creative Commons License Images by Richard Kruse are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.

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